A complete guideline to grow and nurture your Chameli plant
The small delicate flowers of jasmine are known for their uniqueness, purity, different petal designs, and how they can make your place look beautiful. The scented fragrance from the jasmine or mogra flower or chameli flowers is admirable. These can instantly make your mood happy. Jasmine comes in various forms, some of which are climbers or jasmine creepers and some are shrubs.
Apart from all this jasmine also has medicinal uses such as some of the jasmine flowers or leaves are used for treating liver disease, severe diarrhea, and abdominal pain. These are not toxic to pets and humans thus, can be planted freely anywhere in your house or garden.
What are Chameli flowers or Jasmine flowers?
In India, the other popular name for the jasmine plant is the chameli plant, and the Jasmin tree bears the flowers of chameli. This jasmine or chameli flowers [PS1] are a tropical bloom that flourishes only in sunnier climates. The distinct varieties of jasmine flowers have different aromas and stay for a longer time due to which it is used for various purposes like worshipping, making garlands, tea, candles, soaps, and others.
Few characteristics of Jasmine flowers include light green and glossy foliage as they tend to like bright indirect sunlight and shade (partially). [PS2] Chameli plants like moist and well-drained soil since it comes in many forms, the requirements, blooming nature, and looks also differs.
What are the jasmine flower types?
Before we start defining and describing the various types of jasmine, just so you know, there are around 200 species of jasmine that come under the name of the Jasminum genus. These 200 varieties have many jasmine flowers that act as both climbers and shrubs and all the species of jasmine are evergreen and deciduous.
The small creative and devised flowers of jasmine plants look like God has personally designed and scented t[PS3] hem with sweet aromas. Apart from the fragrance, many jasmines have colorful flowers that make them special.
According to research, the Jasminum genus falls within the family of Oleaceae. The Oleaceae family includes olive and other plants scientifically known as Forsythia x intermedia, Syringa vulgaris, and Chionanthus virginicus.
Since the Jasminum genus is a big family, thus, we thought to describe the best and popular jasmine species. These are famous across the world and used to give a scenic landscape feeling in the gardens or as indoor plants due to their fragrance property.
1) Arabian Jasmine
Native: India & Southeast Asia
Height: 6-10 feet
Sunlight Requirement: Full to partial shade
The other popular names of Arabian jasmine are Sampaguita or Asian Jasmine. It is an evergreen shrub plant and is mostly trained to climb the wall or other supports to make the area look more beautiful and breath-taking. The Arabian Jasmine is a national flower of both the Philippines and Indonesia. Also, the popularity of Arabian Jasmine doesn't end here as it is widely used for making Jasmine tea.
2) Purple Jasmine Flower[caption id="attachment_8157" align="alignnone" width="860"]
Native area: Papua New Guinea's and Florida
Height: Vine, 15 - 20 feet and as a shrub, 2 - 4 feet
Sunlight Requirement: Full to partial shade
The purple jasmine flower blooms on Angel Wing Jasmine which is scientifically popular as Jasminum nitidum. Around some zones, it is also known as shining jasmine while the flowers of angel wing jasmine are charming, beautifully spread, and have a creeper-like groundcover. It is called the purple jasmine flower sometimes because the buds are purple in color.
3) Asiatic Jasmine
Native: Japan & China
Height: 8 – 10 feet
Sun Requirement: Need Full sunlight and partial shade
Asiatic jasmine is also called star jasmine. The scientific name of star jasmine is Trachelospermum asiaticum. They are the best plant for new plant parents because they need minimal care and yet manage to bloom plentifully. The blooms have a sweet fragrance that spreads till afar. And, when the flowers reach maturity, they turn into a cream color.
4) Cape Jasmine
Native: Asia - Vietnam, Korea, Southern China, Taiwan, Japan, Myanmar, India, and Bangladesh.
Height: 6 -11 feet
Sunlight Requirement: Either full or partial sunlight
Cape jasmines are known as Gardenia Jasminoides. They are also popular with another name - Heaven Scent as they have an arousing fragrance that can change your mood in seconds. The plant has colorful seed pods and white flowers with hard and glossy lush green leaves. It looks like a bouquet of flowers representing love and purity. Moreover, the process, cape jasmine seed pods growing is quite astounding. First, the plant produces red seed pods, then they change to orange and transform into yellow before completely blooming into a white flower. However, these flowers practically don't belong to the Jasminum genus.
5) Pink Jasmine[caption id="attachment_8156" align="alignnone" width="860"]
Native: China and Myanmar
Height: Up to 20 feet but can be managed by trimming
Sunlight Requirement: Bright sunlight and partial shade
Pink jasmine blooms during late winter and spring. The little pink buds bloom into full blossom white flowers with a sweet aroma that can mesmerize your place with its presence. The pink jasmine also gives a lacey vine look due to the arrangement of several leaflets arising together. It is professionally called Jasminum polyanthum. This name is a Latinized version, originally picked from the Persian word 'Yasameen' meaning, "Gift from God."
6) Jasmine Crepe[caption id="attachment_8152" align="alignnone" width="860"]
Height: 6 - 8 feet
Sunlight Requirement: Full sun to shade
Jasmine Crepe is famous with several names such as - Tagar, East Indian Rosebay, Nero’s Crown, Moon Beam, Carnation of India. In India, it is also known as the Chandni flower who blossoms in the shape of a pin-wheel therefore also called as Pinwheel Flower plant. The scientific name of Jasmine Crepe is Tabernaemontana Divaricata. The fun fact about this beautiful plant is - when you break its stem it will release milky fluid that also makes it popular with the name of milk flower plant.
7) Yellow Jasmine[caption id="attachment_8159" align="alignnone" width="860"]
Native: Afghanistan, North-East India, and China
Height: 3.2 feet or taller
Sunlight Requirement: Complete sunlight to partial shade area
The scientific name is Chryso Jasminum humile of Yellow Jasmine. Another popular name for yellow jasmine is "Italian Jasmine.' It is also referred to as Yasamin (in Arabic), Yasemin (in Persia) meaning scented flowers. This jasmine has many medicinal properties and is used to treat different diseases related to various organs. Its tonic is given to people suffering from heart and bowel-related problems. The juice of yellow jasmine flowers is good for the intestine and is also used to treat ringworm.
8) Winter Jasmine
Height: 4 feet
Sunlight Requirement: Full sunlight
Winter Jasmine is professionally known as Jasminum nudiflorum. It is a deciduous perennial and is considered vines that belong to the olive family. And winter jasmine is called winter jasmine because it blooms in late winter. They need well-drained and moist soil to grow.
9) Coral Jasmine
Height: 13 - 20 feet
Sunlight Requirement: Partial sunlight & shade
In India, these flowers are popularly known as "Parijat." Other popular names are Night Jasmine, Har Singar, and Tree Of Sorrow. But, it is also known as - Nyctanthes arbor-tristis. The primary fact about the coral jasmine plant is that flowers open from evening tonight and drop the next morning making the ground look like a path of flowers. They have a sweet-scented fragrance and are also considered auspicious for being used as prayer flowers.
10) Orange Jasmine
Native: Southeast Asia
Height: 8 - 12 feet
Sunlight Requirement: Complete sunlight
It is popular with other names such as - mock orange jasmine, jessamine, chalcas, or satinwood but professionally preferred to be called Murraya paniculata. They have wonderful fragrances and bloom all around the year.
How to grow and care for the jasmine plant indoors?
To grow and care for your indoor jasmine plant or mogra plant (popular name in India), you should maintain all the requirements. We have briefly explained how much sunlight, water, fertilizer, or pinching and pruning is required.
Sunlight Requirement: Jasmine needs lots of sunlight to grow because it is a tropical plant. You can either place your indoor jasmine plant near a south-facing window for better sunlight or keep it outside for 2-5 hours a day during good sunlight.
Watering Requirement: The truth is jasmine requires a lot of water to bloom and grow. Therefore, it is best to keep the soil moist and well-drained as over-watering can damage the roots. You should water the indoor jasmine plant weekly (in case soil dries before that, you can water it early as well).
Fertilizer Requirements: To fertilize your jasmine plant, you can use homemade compost, compost tea, or ground coffee as these are rich in potassium and phosphorus. Also, jasmine-like a slightly acidic pH level in the soil so these fertilizers are the best for growing mogra flowers.
Pinching and Pruning Requirements: If you notice new growth on your jasmine plant then you must start pinching the stems to promote better growth. This process is effective in the starting two years of a plant's life. While you pinch, make sure to pinch only the top half-inch.
How to train your jasmine plant as a climber or jasmine creeper?
As you know, all jasmine plants of the Jasminum Genus are not climbers nor are shrubs. But you will be surprised to know that few species of jasmine that are climbers or jasmine creepers can be trained to grow according to you. And, today we will share some steps you can use to train your vines and make your place look more beautiful and elegant.
If trained accurately these vines can become the center of attraction of your place or home. Now, without wasting your time let's start,
Step 1: While planting a new jasmine vine you must place it near the grill or trellis where you want it to climb.
Step 2: Tie the vines using zip ties, or soft cloth strips, or garden twine to the grill or trellis.
Step 3: You can also slowly weave the vines through the holes present in the trellis.
Step 4: You can also train your jasmine vine by letting the main vine grow horizontally at the base and then secure it by tying them to the rear end of the structure.
Step 5: And, when flowering starts you can tie them vertically to cover the surface area of the structure.
Step 6: Make sure to trim your vines from time to time. Winter is the right time to trim your jasmine climber plant.
How to propagate a jasmine plant?
Jasmine is a native of the tropics and likes to grow outdoors once the sunny weather arrives or summer comes. Therefore, it is advisable that you understand the warmth of the temperature at your place before propagating a jasmine plant.
Here are two ways you can use them to make new jasmine plants.
1) Jasmine seeds
Step 1: Before planting your seed outdoors make sure to plant them inside a container.
Step 2: You have to soak the seeds for the entire 24 hours.
Step 3: Fill the six-pack cells with potting soil and then soak the entire soil. Before planting make sure the soil is well-drained and there is no excess water in it.
Step 4: Carefully, plant seed in each of the six-pack cells you created.
Step 5: Cover your packs with plastic so that there is moisture in the soil stays. Now place them in sunlight.
Step 6: Make sure the soil is moist (do not over-water) while the seedlings sprout completely.
Step 7: When the seeds get two leaves, you must separate them and place them into a new planter with the capacity of holding one gallon of water.
Step 8: You must keep your plants indoors for over a month. You can also keep your jasmine inside for one year and then plant it outside.
Another method to propagate jasmine is to use the cutting method.
2) Jasmine cuttings
Step 1: You have to cut the tips of the stem carefully or in the way you want it to propagate. Make sure to cut the steam tips from a healthy jasmine plant.
Step 2: Make sure the cutting is about 15 cm or is 6 inches long.
Step 3: Ensure that you cut each one from below the leaf. Now, remove the leaf from the rear part of the cutting and settle them in a rooting hormone powder.
Step 4: Dig a deep hole and place each cutting carefully. Make sure the room temperature is about 24 C. Also assure that direct sunlight is not coming over to your plant.
Step 5: Within a month, the plant will develop roots, after that you can transplant the jasmine plant into potting soil to provide strength to their roots and place them outside in the garden.
How and when to fertilize a jasmine plant?
Jasmine plants bloom in the early spring or summer season mostly, therefore, it is the best time to fertilize the plant. And the best part is you can even use homemade compost to maintain the pH level (slightly acidic). You can also fertilize the plant twice a year. We will discuss later how you can make homemade compost. But before that, let's see how to fertilize the soil.
For Garden Plants: Generally, garden pants have access to all the nutrients they need. But still, you can use compost, mix it with some soil in a pot, and then spread it evenly around the plant. It will enrich the soil.
For Plants in Container: The plants in a container do not get many nutrients as they have restricted roots, area, and soil. Therefore, you have to dress the topsoil with compost twice a year. During summer or early spring, you must use the compost twice a week. It will give all the essentials your jasmine needs to grow.
How to make Homemade Compost for Jasmine?
Compost Tea - To make compost tea you have to add compost in a bucket of 4-5 liters. You can buy the compost from the market or use the homemade one explained below. Mix that compost in the bucket with water (slightly below the brim) and leave it for 2-4 days. You can now apply two cups near the roots of the jasmine plant twice a week.
Coffee Ground - You can use the coffee in powder form and spread it on a sheet and leave it overnight. The next morning you can spread it or sprinkle them into the roots of the jasmine plant.
Homemade Compost - You can use your leftovers, vegetable and fruit peels, twigs, and dung. Spread them layer by layer in a pit and cover them with plastic. Leave the pit for 3-4 months. After a couple of months, all the leftovers will turn into compost that can make your plants bloom.
We hope that we are able to answer your query related to Jasmine plants or chameli plants. Believe me, all jasmine flowers look like they have been personally created and designed by the angel "Jophiel." Most of the jasmine flowers or mogra flowers are white in color and symbolizes purity, love, innocence, and peace.
Growing and caring for jasmine plants is not easy but they can surely bring heaven inside your home or garden with their beauty and blooming during the early spring or summer season (winter jasmine are also present). You can also check the FAQs for more information or fill our comment box with your queries. We are happy to help and guide you through!
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